Film History

"Sound Rewrites Silents", Kintop, Winter 1999, published in German as Stummfilmgeschichte im Licht der Tonbilder, Kintop 8, 1999, p. 141-158.

Paper Type

"A Poor Man's Sound Cinema?" paper given at the Spectacular Europe 3 Conference in Warwick, UK, March 2000.

"The Quest for Motion: Moving Pictures and Flight" in Visual Delights: Essays on the Popular and Projected Image in the 19th Century, edited by Simon Popple and Vanessa Toulmin, Trowbridge, UK: Flicks Books, 2000, pp. 181-193.

Paper Type

"Race Pictures Before Race Cinema: An Analysis of A Fool and His Money (Alice Guy Blaché, Solax, 1912)." Society for Cinema Studies Conference, Chicago, May 2001.

"Identifying a Feminist Address in Early Cinema," Paper for the Women and Silent Screen Conference, UC Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, November 2001.

"Machine (the computer)+Cinema=Machinima," Society for Cinema Studies Conference, Denver, CO., March 2002.

"Will the Real Animation Please Stand Up: The Transition from Stop-Motion and Animatronics to CGI in Hollywood Films", 14th Annual Society for Animation Studies Conference, Glendale, CA, September 28, 2002.

"The Day Hollywood Went Digital: Jurassic Park and the transition from stop motion and animatronics to CGI in Hollywood" Society for Cinema and Media Studies Conference, Minneapolis, March 2003.